By: Kimanh Nguyen

Carbohydrates
external image fructose.gif

Monomers:
  • Monosaccharides
    • Fructose (C6H12O6)
    • Galactose (C6H12O6)
    • Glucose (C6H12O6)
Functions:
  • Structure
  • Energy

Structure:
  • Carbon: Hydrogen: Oxygen
(1:2:1)

Example:
  • Starch
  • Chitin
  • Cellulose
  • Glycogen

Lipids
external image lipid-molecule.jpg

Monomers:
  • Fatty acids
  • Glycerol
Functions:
  • Insulation
  • Shock protection
  • Long term energy storage
  • Water loss protection
  • Steroids/ regulations
  • Structure
  • Cell membrane
  • Color

Structure:
  • Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen

Example:
  • Phospholipids
  • Cholesterol
  • Triglycerides
  • Terpenes
  • Prostalglandins

Proteins
external image aacid.jpg

Monomers:
  • Amino acids
Functions:
  • Structure
  • Storage
  • Regulation
  • Transport
  • Movement
  • Catalyst
  • Immune defense

Structure:
  • Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, R-Group

Example:
  • Collagen
  • Egg yolk
  • Hormones
  • Insulin
  • Hemoglobin
  • Muscles
  • Enzymes
  • Antibodies/ recognition

Nucleic Acids
external image 43a053f75026faaab6e75604f9d82753.wix_mp

Monomers:
  • Nucleotides
Functions:
  • Genetic information

Structure:
  • Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phospate

Example:
  • DNA
  • RNA